Kermanshah is a Kurdish region of Iran with a rich history. There are signs showing there was a civilization in this area over four thousand years ago. The region has always been of great attention in different historical periods and as a result, there are many precious ancient heritages in Kermanshah which are definitely worth visiting. The Kurdish culture of Kermanshah is another unique aspect of this province.
Where is Kermanshah?
Kermanshah is a western province in Iran. The capital city of the province is also called Kermanshah and it has the biggest population of Kurdish people in Iran. Kermanshah has a common border with Iraq which has made it one of the important passages to the religious spots in the neighboring country. Kermanshah was also one of the main targets of Iraq in the 8-year war fought between the two countries some 40 years ago.
The great geographical position of this province which is in the center of the main important routes, has made Kermanshah a region of great significance during time.
Where to stay in Kermanshah?
There are a few accommodation options where you can stay in Kermanshah. You have the variety of a few nice hotels and a couples of hostels and guesthouses to choose from. Parsian hotel of Kermanshah and Azadegan hostel are among the best hotels in the city. Oak is great a hostel with a unique atmosphere in the city of Kermanshah.
Another fascinating accommodation where you can spend your days in Kermanshah is Laleh Bisotun hotel. The hotel is located in Bisotun heritage site near Kermanshah. You will have an interesting experience in this historical region.
Historical site of Bisotun
Bisotun is a huge historical site with more than ten landmarks which are listed jointly in the world heritage list. Structures of Bisotun are from
different eras in the history of Iran. One of the most famous attractions of Bisotun historical region is the inscription of Bisotun.
Behistun or Bisotun, is one of the world’s oldest and most important inscriptions. This is a monument from the Achaemenid empire which describes the triumphs of Darius the great. The inscription is written in three different ancient languages and is the first written script of Iran’s history. This inscription is located on a hillside within meters from the ground. It is said that the stone stairs on the hillside were used for the gravers to reach the spot they wanted to carve. After the completion of this monument the stairs were destroyed so the inscription would become unreachable.
Taq-e Bostan is a historical site from the Sasanid empire. There are many inscriptions and engravings telling historical stories of that era. The coronation of several of the Sasanid kings and many other ceremonies are shown in these engravings. You can also witness the traditional costumes, musical instruments and ancient tools used in that era. The significant historical site of Taq- e Bostan as well as the great natural attractions like the mountain and fountains in the region have made this spot a fascinating destination in Kermanshah. It only takes a half an hour ride from the city to get to Taq-e Bostan historical site.
Temple of Anahita
Temple of Anahita is the second biggest stone structure in Iran after Persepolis. The temple was built around the era of Sasanid Empire, over two thousand years ago. Anahita is the goddess of water and fertility in the beliefs of ancient Iranians. The temple was built to function as a worship place. Like many other temples in Iran, Anahita is also located on heights as these worship places were considered as a passage to the sky. One of the interesting things about the temple of Anahita is that there are no idols or statues. Instead only the main concept of the religious beliefs have been used in the building.
The temple of Anahita is located in the city of Kangavar. It takes an hour and half to get there from Kermanshah. It is best to dedicate about half a day to visit this region.
Statue of Hercules in Bisotun
The statue of Hercules is another attraction of the historical site of Bisotun. This is a man-size stone structure in the shape of a man lying down. The statue was built around 150 BC and has been partially destroyed over the time. However it has been repaired several times.
The stone cave of Hussain Koohkan
During the Iran-Iraq war, a Kurd native of Kermanshah, Hussain Koohkan lost most of his family members as well as his farm animals. Due to his poverty, he started to carve a home for himself into the cliffs. It took about twenty years for him to carve several rooms, hallways and even a bath. He carved the whole structure with manual tools. After Hussain Kuhkan passed away, his home became one of the attractions of Kermanshah and it’s now open for visitors.
It takes about two hour from the city of Kermanshah to get to the stone cave.
Emad-ol Dole mosque
Located in the city of Kermanshah, this mosque remains from the Qajar dynasty. The mosque represents the ancient Persian architecture. The clock tower located in the mosque is one of the features which shows the use of modern technology in a religious site.
One of the mosque’s exit leads to the grand bazaar of Kermanshah which is also a great attraction of the city.
Grand Bazaar of Kermanshah
The grand bazaar of Kermanshah is a great place to see the historic part of the city. You can also have a look at the handicrafts of the region, as well as the traditional costumes of the province.
The traditional pastry of Kermanshah is a sweet called Nan-e Berenji. There are many workplaces in the city were you can see the locals bake and sell it. We’d highly recommend giving it a try while you can.